The neural basis of mentalizing

Neuron. 2006 May 18;50(4):531-4. doi: 10.1016/j.neuron.2006.05.001.


Mentalizing refers to our ability to read the mental states of other agents and engages many neural processes. The brain's mirror system allows us to share the emotions of others. Through perspective taking, we can infer what a person currently believes about the world given their point of view. Finally, the human brain has the unique ability to represent the mental states of the self and the other and the relationship between these mental states, making possible the communication of ideas.

Publication types

  • Comment
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Brain / physiology*
  • Brain Mapping*
  • Emotions / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Mental Processes / physiology*
  • Social Behavior*