A new phalloplasty technique: the free anterolateral thigh flap phalloplasty

J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2006;59(2):153-7. doi: 10.1016/j.bjps.2005.05.016.


After a 10-year experience with phalloplasty in female to male gender reassignment surgery and with more than one hundred cases treated, we have introduced a new technique for creation of the neo-phallus. Between 1993 and 2002, phalloplasties were performed in our department using the free radial forearm flap or the pre-expanded suprapubic flap (modified Pryor technique). The study of long-term results and complications of these cases, as well as patient requests for a new donor site, induced us to look for an alternative flap for phalloplasty. The versatility and the low donor site morbidity of anterolateral thigh flap persuaded us to use it for phalloplasty. Since March 2003, six phalloplasties with free anterolateral thigh (ALT) flap have been performed. The results have been encouraging. The shape and the consistency of the neo-phallus are suitable, the flap can be sensate and an erectile prosthesis can easily be implanted. Penile urethral reconstruction is possible in the same operative stage. Patient satisfaction is high. The anatomy and harvesting techniques of ALT flap have already been exhaustively described by several authors and only the operative technique of phalloplasty with free ALT flap, donor site management, preliminary results and complications are reported in this paper.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cicatrix / pathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Penis / surgery*
  • Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods*
  • Surgical Flaps*
  • Thigh / surgery
  • Tissue and Organ Harvesting / methods
  • Transsexualism / surgery*
  • Urethra / surgery