Improved properties of the non-covalent coating with N,N-didodecyl-N, N-dimethylammonium bromide for the separation of basic proteins by capillary electrophoresis with acidic buffers in 25 microm capillaries

J Chromatogr A. 2006 Jul 14;1121(1):32-9. doi: 10.1016/j.chroma.2006.03.125. Epub 2006 May 15.


Capillaries (25microm I.D.) treated with the double-alkyl-chain cationic surfactant N,N-didodecyl-N, N-dimethylammonium bromide (DDAB) in an improved coating procedure were used for separation of four basic proteins in volatile buffers (ammonium acetate and ammonium hydroxyacetate) as well as in a non-volatile buffer (sodium phosphate) at pH 4. The DDAB coating was stable enough to, without recoating, permit consecutive separations of the proteins up to 9h with good precisions in peak areas (RSD=1.1%) and migration times and with high apparent efficiencies (over 1 million theoretical plates/m) in the presence of a strong anodic electroosmosis. Adsorption of the proteins onto the capillary surface, which in previous studies was found to give a certain contribution to zone broadening, was eliminated with the new modified coating method. Complex formation between the proteins and phosphate buffer was studied and confirmed, and it is proposed that slow protein-buffer component interactions are the main contributions to zone broadening in protein separations by CE.

MeSH terms

  • Buffers
  • Electrophoresis, Capillary / instrumentation*
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Proteins / isolation & purification*
  • Quaternary Ammonium Compounds / chemistry*
  • Surface-Active Agents / chemistry


  • Buffers
  • N,N-didodecyl-N, N-dimethylammonium bromide
  • Proteins
  • Quaternary Ammonium Compounds
  • Surface-Active Agents