The use of personal digital assistants at the point of care in an undergraduate nursing program

Comput Inform Nurs. May-Jun 2006;24(3):138-43. doi: 10.1097/00024665-200605000-00009.


This study examined the relationships between the use of personal digital assistants and self-efficacy and the preparation for medication administration among second-year Bachelor of Science in Nursing students in a medical-surgical clinical environment. By using a controlled experimental method, the study attempted to support claims about the educational benefits of personal digital assistants which have generally been reported in more descriptive and anecdotal formats. The sample consisted of 36 students, of which two groups had personal digital assistants and two groups served as a control. The control groups were provided with paper resources equivalent to the software provided by the personal digital assistants. Findings showed a significant increase in self-efficacy in the groups with personal digital assistants.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Attitude of Health Personnel
  • Attitude to Computers
  • Clinical Competence
  • Computer Literacy
  • Computer User Training
  • Computer-Assisted Instruction / methods*
  • Computers, Handheld / statistics & numerical data*
  • Drug Information Services
  • Drug Therapy / nursing
  • Education, Nursing, Baccalaureate / methods*
  • Focus Groups
  • Humans
  • Nursing Education Research
  • Nursing Informatics / education
  • Nursing Methodology Research
  • Ontario
  • Pilot Projects
  • Point-of-Care Systems / statistics & numerical data*
  • Qualitative Research
  • Self Efficacy
  • Students, Nursing / psychology*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires