Benefits expected from a nurse consultation on the therapeutic compliance of the student with a kidney transplant The therapeutic non-observance of chronic ill teenagers in general, and of teenagers who had a kidney transplant in particular, is a genuine problem of public health. At the children Hospital of Toulouse, from March 2002 to March 2003, a nurse consultation coupled with the medical consultation, was set up for the follow-up of these teenagers. The object of this research in nurse care was to appraise, at the end of a year's operation, the results of this consultation on the therapeutic observance of these teenagers and its operation within the institution. At the dawn of a deep upheaval for the profession, this study enabled us to valorise the nurse expertise combined with the medical activity for the actual benefit of children. The nurse consultation, in the heart of the news for some time, has remained in the heart of our concern for over half a century.