Epilepsy, intellectual disability, and living environment: a critical review

Epilepsy Behav. 2006 Aug;9(1):14-8. doi: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2006.04.001. Epub 2006 May 22.


Epilepsy occurs at a higher incidence and is more prevalent in people with an intellectual disability than in the general population. Nonetheless, we have insufficient knowledge of the extra needs of people with epilepsy and intellectual disability, of their families, and of the living environment. The lack of information about specific needs of the living environment may, in particular, be important. A Medline search revealed that scant attention has been paid to the specific needs for patients with epilepsy and intellectual disability, and only a few studies have focused specifically on this topic. The majority of studies have been focused on medical treatment issues and the organization and availability of health and social services. There is an indication that people with epilepsy and intellectual disability lack skills training appropriate to their intellectual potential. And although several reviews have emphasized the need for information on living environment and quality of life, we did not find such studies in our search.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anticonvulsants / adverse effects
  • Anticonvulsants / therapeutic use
  • Community Health Services / statistics & numerical data*
  • Comorbidity
  • Epilepsy / drug therapy
  • Epilepsy / epidemiology
  • Epilepsy / rehabilitation*
  • Health Services Accessibility
  • Humans
  • Intellectual Disability / epidemiology
  • Intellectual Disability / rehabilitation*
  • Quality of Life*


  • Anticonvulsants