Dopamine D2 receptor imaging with SPECT: studies in different neuropsychiatric disorders

J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 1991 Mar;11(2):220-8. doi: 10.1038/jcbfm.1991.53.


The purpose of the present study is to visualize and quantify dopamine D2 receptors in the living human brain using an 123I-labeled ligand and the single photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) technique. S-(-)-Iodobenzamide [S-(-)-IBZM] has been shown to be a highly selective ligand with high affinity for D2 receptors in experimental studies. Five millicuries (185 MBq) of 123I-labeled S-(-)-IBZM was administered intravenously to 12 control subjects, 22 parkinsonian patients under L-Dopa therapy, 12 parkinsonian patients without L-Dopa, 10 unmedicated patients with Huntington's disease, and 12 patients under different neuroleptics. Data collection with a rotating double-head scintillation camera started 1 h after injection and lasted for 50 min. In a semiquantitative approach, a ratio was calculated between mean counts per pixel in the striatum and a region in the lateral frontal cortex, which was 1.74 +/- 0.10 in the control group. A marked reduction of this ratio was found in patients with Huntington's disease (1.38 +/- 0.12; p = 0.0001), no significant changes in untreated parkinsonian patients (1.67 +/- 0.14), but a reduction in L-Dopa-treated cases (1.59 +/- 0.13; p = 0.0014). A curvilinear relationship was found between total daily dose of neuroleptics and the reduction of this ratio. Estimated receptor blockade under full neuroleptic treatment was 75-80%. S-(-)-IBZM binding was reduced with increasing age (p less than 0.01). Specific binding was reduced markedly when the racemic mixture of IBZM was used, and no specific binding was seen with the R-(+)-isomer, demonstrating the stereoselectivity of IBZM binding.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aging / metabolism
  • Antipsychotic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Benzamides / metabolism
  • Benzamides / pharmacokinetics
  • Brain Diseases / diagnostic imaging
  • Brain Diseases / metabolism*
  • Cerebellum / metabolism
  • Corpus Striatum / metabolism
  • Frontal Lobe / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Huntington Disease / diagnostic imaging
  • Huntington Disease / metabolism
  • Iodine Radioisotopes
  • Levodopa / therapeutic use
  • Middle Aged
  • Parkinson Disease / diagnostic imaging
  • Parkinson Disease / drug therapy
  • Parkinson Disease / metabolism
  • Pyrrolidines / metabolism
  • Pyrrolidines / pharmacokinetics
  • Receptors, Dopamine / metabolism*
  • Receptors, Dopamine D2
  • Stereoisomerism
  • Tissue Distribution
  • Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon*


  • Antipsychotic Agents
  • Benzamides
  • Iodine Radioisotopes
  • Pyrrolidines
  • Receptors, Dopamine
  • Receptors, Dopamine D2
  • Levodopa
  • 3-iodo-2-hydroxy-6-methoxy-N-((1-ethyl-2-pyrrolidinyl)methyl)benzamide