Purpose: To assess the efficacy and tolerance of the vinorelbine/cisplatin combination in non-small cell lung cancer patients pre-treated with a taxane-based regimen.
Patients and methods: Among the 32 enrolled patients, 28 (87.5%) had a PS (WHO) of 0-1 and 13 (40.6%) have previously received both platinum compounds and taxanes. Vinorelbine (25 mg/m2 on days 1 and 8) was given by a rapid i.v. infusion and cisplatin (80 mg/m2 on day 8) after appropriate hydration. The treatment was repeated every 3 weeks.
Results: A partial response was achieved in six patients (ORR=18.8%; 95% confidence interval: 5.23-32.27); 13 (44.8%) and 10 (34.5%) patients had stable and progressive disease, respectively (intention-to-treat analysis). Four partial responses were observed in patients who were previously treated with taxanes/platinum-containing regimens. The median time to tumor progression was 4.7 months (range, 1.3-15.4). After a median follow-up period of 6.3 months (range, 1.3-15.4) the median overall survival was 7.6 months and the 1-year survival rate 17.7%. Grade 3 and 4 granulocytopenia was observed in 11 (34.4%) patients and grade 4 thrombocytopenia in one (3.1%). Eleven (34.4%) patients presented grade 2 and 3 anemia. Febrile neutropenia occurred in one (3.1%) patient. Grade 3 and 4 nausea/vomiting was reported in one (9.3%) patient each and grade 2 fatigue in four (12.5%).
Conclusions: The combination of vinorelbine and cisplatin is an active and well tolerated salvage regimen in NSCLC patients pre-treated with taxane-based chemotherapy.