The chemokine receptor CXCR4 is highly expressed in tumor cells and plays an important role in tumor metastasis. The aim of this study was to develop a radiopharmaceutical for the imaging of CXCR4-expressing tumors in vivo. Based on structure-activity relationships, we designed a 14-residue peptidic CXCR4 inhibitor, Ac-TZ14011, as a precursor for radiolabeled peptides. For 111In-labeling, diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) was attached to the side chain of d-Lys(8) which is distant from the residues indispensable for the antagonistic activity. In-DTPA-Ac-TZ14011 inhibited the binding of a natural ligand, stromal cell-derived factor-1alpha, to CXCR4 in a concentration-dependent manner with an IC50 of 7.9 nM (Ac-TZ14011: 1.2 nM). In biodistribution experiments, more 111In-DTPA-Ac-TZ14011 accumulated in the CXCR4-expressing tumor than in blood or muscle. Furthermore, the tumor-to-blood and tumor-to-muscle ratios were significantly reduced by coinjection of Ac-TZ14011, indicating a CXCR4-mediated accumulation in tumor. These findings suggested that 111In-DTPA-Ac-TZ14011 would be a potential agent for the imaging of CXCR4 expression in metastatic tumors in vivo.