Genetics of intelligence

Eur J Hum Genet. 2006 Jun;14(6):690-700. doi: 10.1038/sj.ejhg.5201588.


This article provides an overview of the biometric and molecular genetic studies of human psychometric intelligence. In the biometric research, special attention is given to the environmental and genetic contributions to specific and general cognitive ability differences, and how these differ from early childhood to old age. Special mention is also made of multivariate studies that examine the genetic correlation between intelligence test scores and their correlates such as processing speed, birth weight and brain size. After an overview of candidate gene associations with intelligence test scores, there is a discussion of whole-genome linkage and association studies, the first of which have only recently appeared.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Birth Weight / genetics
  • Genetic Linkage*
  • Genome, Human / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Intelligence / genetics*
  • Intelligence Tests