Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
, 41 (6), 641-7

The NF-kappaB Inhibitor Pyrrolidine Dithiocarbamate Blocks IL-1beta Induced Hyaluronan Synthase 1 (HAS1) mRNA Transcription, Pointing at NF-kappaB Dependence of the Gene HAS1

Affiliations

The NF-kappaB Inhibitor Pyrrolidine Dithiocarbamate Blocks IL-1beta Induced Hyaluronan Synthase 1 (HAS1) mRNA Transcription, Pointing at NF-kappaB Dependence of the Gene HAS1

Janet J Kao. Exp Gerontol.

Abstract

The glycosaminoglycan hyaluronan is not merely the simple space filling substance it was long thought to be but is instead being increasingly recognized as a key player in numerous biological processes ranging from embryogenesis to the process of aging. Alterations in hyaluronan syntheses play an important role in ailments associated with aging such as rheumatoid arthritis, atherosclerosis and many forms of cancers, e.g. prostate cancers that mostly affect the elderly. Despite the increasing recognition of hyaluronan as a critical player in many disorders, little is known about the intracellular mechanisms involved in the regulation of the genes encoding hyaluronan synthases (HAS). Herein, evidence is provided that in type-B synoviocytes (TBS) HAS1 is a gene that depends on the transcription factor nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB) for its activation. Stimulating such cells with IL-1beta results in a dose and time dependent activation of HAS1. Pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC) blocks IL-1beta induced HAS1 activation entirely. Furthermore, PDTC treatment also prevents the degradation of the IkappaBalpha in TBS as shown by Western blot experiments. EMSA data confirm that PDCT, at concentrations sufficient to completely block IL-1beta induced HAS1 transcription, also entirely blocks IL-1beta induced NF-kappaB translocation. The reported findings stress important differences among the genes encoding hyaluronan and point at a role of HAS1 in inflammatory processes.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 7 PubMed Central articles

See all "Cited by" articles

MeSH terms

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback