Objective: Recovery of posterior communicating artery aneurysm-induced oculomotor nerve palsy (ONP) after aneurysm coiling has been reported. However, the coil mass may compromise recovery of the nerve. Therefore, we compared the outcome of coiling and clipping for this indication.
Methods: We retrospectively compared the outcomes of ONP in 13 patients, six of whom underwent endovascular coiling and seven of whom underwent surgical clipping.
Results: Six of the seven surgical patients with ONP recovered completely, compared with two of the six patients in the endovascular group. Of the patients with more than 1 year of follow-up, all six surgical patients recovered completely, compared with two of four endovascular patients (P = 0.05). In addition, preoperative complete or partial ONP also was associated with degree of resolution by survival analysis (P = 0.03). All patients with partial ONP in the surgical group and two of three patients in the endovascular group recovered without residual deficits, whereas three of the four patients with complete ONP in the clipping group and none in the coiling group recovered completely. Regardless of the treatment method, time to complete resolution of ONP was 6 months in both groups.
Conclusion: Clipping posterior communicating artery aneurysms was associated with a higher probability of complete recovery from ONP than coiling. Degree of preoperative ONP also affected recovery. If patients can tolerate surgery, it should be considered the treatment of choice.