Influence of very small bubbles on particle/bubble heterocoagulation

J Colloid Interface Sci. 2006 Sep 1;301(1):168-75. doi: 10.1016/j.jcis.2006.04.071. Epub 2006 May 24.

Abstract

Very small bubbles which partially coat the surface of particles influence whether or not heterocoagulation between a particle and a bubble occurs. The electrostatic and van der Waals forces of interaction between particles and bubbles were calculated as a function of electrolyte concentration, particle size, and the size and distributions of these very small bubbles present on the particle surface. The height of the surface force barrier was compared with the hydrodynamic pressing force under conditions of flotation. The presence of these very small bubbles has a profound effect on the interaction between particles and bubbles and, in particular, strongly decreases the critical particle radius for heterocoagulation.