Goblet cell carcinoids are uncommon but distinctive tumours of the appendix. We have reviewed 11 cases diagnosed within the period 1976-1990. The mean age at presentation was 58 years (range 24-76), with a female:male ratio of 8:3. At presentation, in seven patients tumour was confined to the appendix or mesoappendix (mean age 51) and in four there was extension beyond the appendix (mean age 69). Of the seven patients with localized tumour, six are alive and without clinical disease after a mean follow-up period of 32 months and one died with recurrent tumour after 10 years. Of the four with more extensive disease, two died during follow-up (at 23 months with probable liver metastases and at 16 months with intestinal obstruction) and two are alive, one with disease and one clinically disease-free. Immunohistochemistry showed that all of the tumours stained positively for either neuron-specific enolase, chromogranin A or protein gene product 9.5. No tumour stained with antiserum to substance P and none showed glucagon-like immunoreactivity, but four cases stained positively for pancreatic polypeptide, an unusual feature in midgut carcinoids.