gammadelta T cells account for up to 10% of T lymphocytes in the peripheral blood of healthy donors. They can be activated by cytokines such as interleukin (IL)-2, IL-12 and IL-15, express natural killer (NK) cell markers such as NKG2D and show cytotoxic activity against several tumour cells, including multiple myeloma. Here, we present activated polyclonal gammadelta T cells from healthy donors with an NK T cell-like phenotype expressing the natural cytotoxicity receptor NKp44. Natural cytotoxicity receptors NKp30, NKp44 and NKp46 have been regarded as specific NK receptors; only two gammadelta T cell clones described so far expressed NKp 44. Isolated polyclonal gammadelta T cells cultured for 7 days according to the cytokine-induced killer cell (CIK) protocol with additional IL-15 revealed a surface expression of NKp44 of 8+/-7% (n=22). This could be confirmed by detection of NKp 44 mRNA by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). gammadelta T cells exhibited a marked cytotoxic activity against myeloma cells, which could be reduced by inhibition of NKp44. To our knowledge, this is the first description of the expression of NKp44 on polyclonal gammadelta T cells.