Background: Animal and human studies demonstrated that interleukin (IL)-12, a Th1 cytokine, reduces blood and bronchial eosinophilia, and airway hyperreactivity. According to current concepts, these effects are mediated through the release of cytokines promoting eosinophil recruitment and activation. However, the presence of IL-12 receptors on eosinophils suggests that IL-12 also acts directly on eosinophils. We postulated that IL-12 directly modulates eosinophil functions and has the capacity to regulate eosinophil degranulation, migration and survival, in vitro.
Method: Effects of IL- 12 on purified human blood eosinophils were evaluated for peroxidase (EPO) release, eotaxin-induced migration through a model of basement membrane (Matrigel), and survival.
Results: IL-12 inhibited 50% of PAF and secretory IgA-induced EPO release (n = 8, p < 0.001). IL-12 also reduced eotaxin-induced migration through Matrigel by 54 +/-6% (n = 6, p < 0.01). These effects were not explained by an IL-12-induced impaired viability or apoptosis.
Conclusion: Our results demonstrate that IL-12 directly modulates eosinophil functions without promoting apoptosis and explain, at least in part, the effects of IL-12 on eosinophils observed in in vivo studies.
Copyright 2006 S. Karger AG, Basel.