Musculoskeletal findings in obese children

J Paediatr Child Health. 2006 Jun;42(6):341-4. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1754.2006.00869.x.


Aim: A cross-sectional study was conducted to explore osteoarticular alterations in obese children.

Methods: Twenty-five boys and 24 girls (mean age: 10.8+/-2.07 years) with a body mass index (BMI) above the 95th percentile were compared with 28 boys and 19 girls (controls, mean age: 10.4+/-2.3 years) with a BMI below the 80th percentile.

Results: A higher frequency of at least one osteoarticular manifestation was observed in obese patients (55%) compared with the control group (23%) (P=0.001). A statistically significant association was also found between obesity and lower back pain, genu valgum, genu recurvatum and tight quadriceps. Fibromyalgia tender points (=11) were present at similar frequency in both groups (obese: 3/38 (9%) vs. control: 1/48 (2%)).

Conclusion: The present data suggest that obesity has a negative impact on osteoarticular health by promoting biomechanical changes in the lumbar spine and lower extremities.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Arthralgia / etiology*
  • Body Mass Index
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Child
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Low Back Pain / etiology*
  • Male
  • Obesity / complications*
  • Obesity / physiopathology