Background: Bleeding is the main complication and cause of conversion during laparoscopic splenectomy (LS). We present the advantages of the LigaSure vessel sealing system added to the lateral approach for achieving safe vascular control.
Methods: We performed 63 consecutive LS in a 3-year period using LigaSure in two affiliated university hospitals. We employed a right semilateral position technique with dissection of the spleen and vessel sealing using LigaSure. Forty-two patients had benign hematological disease, 19 had malignant disease, and two had splenic cysts.
Results: A total of 58 LS were completed with five conversions due to hilar bleeding (three cases), difficult dissection (one), and massive splenomegaly (one). In all but five patients, blood loss was less than 100 ml. No transfusions were needed. There were five postoperative complications: portal thrombosis (one case), hemoperitoneum (two), surgical wound infection (one), and pleural effusion (one).
Conclusions: The use of LigaSure, and the semilateral position, results in a gain of time and safety. Furthermore, average intraoperative bleeding is very low.