Use of targetrons to disrupt essential and nonessential genes in Staphylococcus aureus reveals temperature sensitivity of Ll.LtrB group II intron splicing

RNA. 2006 Jul;12(7):1271-81. doi: 10.1261/rna.68706. Epub 2006 Jun 1.


We show that a targetron based on the Lactococcus lactis Ll.LtrB group II intron can be used for efficient chromosomal gene disruption in the human pathogen Staphylococcus aureus. Targetrons expressed from derivatives of vector pCN37, which uses a cadmium-inducible promoter, or pCN39, a derivative of pCN37 with a temperature-sensitive replicon, gave site-specific disruptants of the hsa and seb genes in 37%-100% of plated colonies without selection. To disrupt hsa, an essential gene, we used a group II intron that integrates in the sense orientation relative to target gene transcription and thus could be removed by RNA splicing, enabling the production of functional HSa protein. We show that because splicing of the Ll.LtrB intron by the intron-encoded protein is temperature-sensitive, this method yields a conditional hsa disruptant that grows at 32 degrees C but not 43 degrees C. The temperature sensitivity of the splicing reaction suggests a general means of obtaining one-step conditional disruptions in any organism. In nature, temperature sensitivity of group II intron splicing could limit the temperature range of an organism containing a group II intron inserted in an essential gene.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Base Sequence
  • DNA, Bacterial / chemistry
  • DNA, Bacterial / genetics
  • Escherichia coli / genetics
  • Genes, Bacterial*
  • Genes, Essential
  • Humans
  • Introns*
  • Mutagenesis, Insertional
  • Operon / genetics
  • RNA Splicing
  • RNA, Bacterial / genetics*
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Staphylococcus aureus / genetics*
  • Thermodynamics


  • DNA, Bacterial
  • RNA, Bacterial