Inhibitory neuropeptides and intrinsic inhibitory innervation of descending human colon

Dig Dis Sci. 1991 Jun;36(6):712-8. doi: 10.1007/BF01311226.

Abstract

The effects of aging on inhibitory neuropeptide concentrations and intrinsic inhibitory innervation of circular muscle were investigated using normal descending colon obtained at surgery. Immunoreactive vasoactive intestinal peptide, peptide histidine-methionine, met5-enkephalin, neuropeptide Y, and somatostatin were extracted from specimens of muscularis externa (patient ages: 19-84 years) and measured by radioimmunoassay. Intracellular electrical activity was recorded from strips of circular muscle (patients ages: 49-84 years) using glass microelectrodes; inhibitory junction potentials were evoked by electrical field stimulation. There were no significant differences (t tests: P greater than 0.05) between neuropeptide concentrations in patients less than 70 years old (N = 28) compared to patients greater than or equal to 70 years old (N = 12). However, the amplitude of inhibitory junction potentials declined with increasing patient age (r = -0.58, P = 0.02, N = 16), with no change in resting membrane potentials (r = 0.22; P greater than 0.05). The decline in amplitude in women (r = -0.68, P = 0.03, N = 9) preceded the decline in men (r = -0.62, P = 0.10, N = 7). Age-related decline in inhibitory junction potentials could be related to decreased: density of inhibitory nerves, release of inhibitory neurotransmitter, density of binding sites for inhibitory neurotransmitter on smooth muscle, or a combination thereof. Alternatively, this decline might represent a change in interaction of inhibitory neurotransmitter with the smooth muscle membrane, such as a change in coupling of binding site with the potassium channel, decreased number of potassium channels, or altered permeability of the potassium channel.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Aging / physiology*
  • Colon / chemistry
  • Colon / innervation*
  • Enkephalin, Methionine / analysis*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Muscle, Smooth / chemistry*
  • Neuropeptide Y / analysis*
  • Peptide PHI / analysis*
  • Somatostatin / analysis*
  • Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide / analysis*

Substances

  • Neuropeptide Y
  • Peptide PHI
  • Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide
  • Somatostatin
  • Enkephalin, Methionine