Modulation by beta-adrenoceptors and angiotensin II receptors of splanchnic nerve evoked catecholamine release from the adrenal medulla

Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 1991 Jan;69(1):1-7. doi: 10.1139/y91-001.

Abstract

In the present study, we have evaluated the effect of both facilitatory beta 2-adrenoceptor and angiotensin II receptor on the release of adrenal catecholamines induced by electrical stimulation of the splanchnic nerve in anaesthetized and vagotomized dog. In these experiments, individual or combined treatments with the beta 2-adrenoceptor antagonist ICI 118551 (0.3 mg/kg i.v.), the converting enzyme inhibitor captopril (2 mg/kg i.v.), or the angiotensin II receptor antagonist saralasin (2 micrograms.kg-1.min-1 i.v.) were found to significantly decrease the release of adrenal catecholamines during splanchnic nerve stimulation (5-V pulses of 2 ms duration for 3 min at 1 Hz) whatever the order of administration of the drugs. On the other hand, the infusion of angiotensin II (20 ng.kg-1.min-1) was shown to potentiate the release of adrenal catecholamines in response to electrical stimulation, and this effect was totally blocked by treatment with saralasin (4 micrograms.kg-1.min-1 i.v.). This facilitating angiotensin mechanism differed from beta-adrenoceptor facilitating mechanism, since following beta-blockade with ICI 118551, angiotensin II infusion still significantly potentiated the release of catecholamines during splanchnic nerve stimulation. These observations thus suggest that both facilitating beta 2-adrenoceptors and angiotensin II receptors can independently modulate the release of adrenal catecholamines.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adrenal Medulla / metabolism*
  • Adrenal Medulla / physiology
  • Adrenergic beta-Antagonists / pharmacology
  • Anesthesia
  • Angiotensin II* / pharmacology
  • Animals
  • Captopril / pharmacology
  • Catecholamines / metabolism*
  • Dogs
  • Electric Stimulation
  • Epinephrine / metabolism
  • Female
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Male
  • Norepinephrine / metabolism
  • Propanolamines / pharmacology
  • Receptors, Adrenergic, beta / metabolism*
  • Receptors, Angiotensin / metabolism*
  • Saralasin / pharmacology
  • Splanchnic Nerves / metabolism*

Substances

  • Adrenergic beta-Antagonists
  • Catecholamines
  • Propanolamines
  • Receptors, Adrenergic, beta
  • Receptors, Angiotensin
  • Angiotensin II
  • ICI 118551
  • Captopril
  • Saralasin
  • Norepinephrine
  • Epinephrine