Objective: To evaluate outpatient versus daycase endometrial polypectomy by comparing success rate, complications, patient tolerance, pain score, analgesia requirement and recovery.
Design: A randomised controlled trial.
Setting: A large UK Teaching hospital.
Population: Forty consecutive women diagnosed with an endometrial polyp at outpatient hysteroscopy were randomly assigned in equal proportions to outpatient or daycase polyp removal.
Methods: The outpatient cohort underwent endometrial polypectomy either using grasping forceps or a bipolar electrode (Versapoint; Gynecare Inc., Menlo Park, CA, USA) introduced down the operating channel of a rigid hysteroscope (Versascope; Gynecare Inc.). The daycase cohort underwent traditional endometrial polyp resection using a hysteroscopic, monopolar, electrosurgical resecting loop, performed under general anaesthetic.
Main outcome measures: The main outcome measures were as follows: success rates and intra or postoperative complications, time away from home, analgesia requirements, pain scores on the day of and one day after endometrial polypectomy, return to work and preoperative fitness and preference for the location of a future endometrial polypectomy.
Results: The majority of women from both cohorts were premenopausal (62.5%), parous (85%) and in paid employment (62.5%). One woman allocated to outpatient polypectomy had cervical stenosis and dilatation was unsuccessful in the outpatient setting. There were no other intra or postoperative complications in either arm of the study. The mean intraoperative visual analogue style (0-100 mm) pain score during outpatient polypectomy was 23.7 mm (1-62). A proportion of women (20%) described no intraoperative discomfort; however, the majority (75%) described mild or moderate intraoperative discomfort. More women in the outpatient cohort (58%) described themselves as pain free for the remainder of the day than in the daycase cohort (28%) (P= 0.09). The day after the procedure, all women from the outpatient group described slight or no discomfort compared with only 41% of women from the daycase group (P= 0.02). All women undergoing outpatient polypectomy had a significantly shorter mean time away from home (3.24 [1.5-5] hours) than women undergoing daycase polypectomy (7.42 [6-10.5] hours), P < 0.0005. Similarly, women from the outpatient cohort had a significantly faster mean return to preoperative fitness (1 [0-4] day versus 3.2 [1-13] days; P= 0.001) and required less postoperative analgesia than the daycase cohort. Ninety-five percent of women from the outpatient cohort and 82% of women from the daycase cohort stated they would prefer to undergo an endometrial polypectomy in the outpatient setting should they require a further polyp removal.
Conclusion: Endometrial polypectomy can be successfully performed in the outpatient setting with minimal intraoperative discomfort, a significantly shorter time away from home and faster recovery and is preferred by women when compared with daycase polypectomy. Resources need to be made rapidly available to undertake larger scale research and develop this service across the UK.