Tactile massage and severe nausea and vomiting during pregnancy--women's experiences

Scand J Caring Sci. 2006 Jun;20(2):169-76. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-6712.2006.00394.x.


Nausea and vomiting during pregnancy is a condition with an obscure aetiology. The treatment is symptomatic but there is a lack of alternative treatments. Tactile massage is known to give relaxation and increased well-being in connection with different illnesses, but has never been studied on women with severe nausea and vomiting during pregnancy (SNVP). The aim of this study was to describe hospitalized women's experiences of SNVP and of tactile massage. A phenomenological method was used. Ten hospitalized women with SNVP were included. Each woman was given tactile massage on three separate occasions. After the final massage an open interview was used covering both the experience of severe nausea and vomiting, and of tactile massage. The findings revealed an essential meaning summarizing the experience: to obtain a relieving moment of rest and access to the whole body when nausea rules life. When nausea is experienced as controlling a woman's life, tactile massage is experienced as promoting relaxation and gives her an opportunity to regain access to her body. The findings suggest that tactile massage is a good alternative and complement to traditional treatment of SNVP.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Adult
  • Attitude to Health*
  • Body Image
  • Empathy
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hyperemesis Gravidarum* / nursing
  • Hyperemesis Gravidarum* / psychology
  • Inpatients / psychology
  • Internal-External Control
  • Massage* / nursing
  • Massage* / psychology
  • Nursing Methodology Research
  • Power, Psychological
  • Precipitating Factors
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Trimester, First
  • Quality of Life
  • Self Care / methods
  • Self Care / psychology
  • Self Efficacy
  • Social Support
  • Sweden
  • Treatment Outcome