Evaluation of a new rapid lateral flow chromatography test for the diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori

Saudi Med J. 2006 Jun;27(6):799-803.

Abstract

Objective: The rapid, simple and non-invasive diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection is important in implementing chemotherapy in appropriate manner, and in assessing persistent H. pylori infection after eradication therapy. The ImmunoCard STAT! HpSA kit (Meridian Bioscience, Europe) is a lateral flow chromatography test which utilizes a monoclonal anti-H. pylori antibody. In this study, we investigated the usefulness of the ImmunoCard STAT! HpSA test before and after eradication therapy on patients referred to undergo upper gastrointestinal endoscopy.

Methods: Sixty-five consecutive patients who were referred to undergo upper gastrointestinal endoscopy at the Department of Gastroenterology, Karadeniz Technical University Medical School, Turkey between February and August 2005 were included in this study. The ImmunoCard STAT! HpSA was compared with 4 invasive tests (histology, gram staining, rapid urease test, and culture). The reference method was defined as positive when 2 of the 4 invasive tests were positive. A negative H. pylori status was considered when all 4 tests present concordant negative results.

Results: Overall, the ImmunoCard STAT! HpSA test had 77.8% sensitivity, 79.3% specificity, 82.4% positive predictive value (PPV) and 74.2% negative predictive value (NPV) in all patients. With regard to pre-treatment values, the sensitivity was 70.6%, specificity 70.6%, PPV 100% and NPV 100% while on post-treatment group the sensitivity was 84.2%, specificity 64.7%, PPV 72.7% and NPV 78.6%.

Conclusion: Our results indicate that the ImmunoCard STAT! HpSA test is a rapid, simple, and helpful procedure not only to determine H. pylori infection but also to assess the success of eradication therapy.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antigens, Bacterial / analysis*
  • Chromatography / methods
  • Feces / microbiology*
  • Female
  • Helicobacter Infections / diagnosis*
  • Helicobacter pylori / immunology
  • Helicobacter pylori / isolation & purification*
  • Humans
  • Immunologic Tests
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Reagent Kits, Diagnostic*
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Turkey

Substances

  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antigens, Bacterial
  • Reagent Kits, Diagnostic