Management of Source and Drinking-Water Quality in Pakistan

East Mediterr Health J. Sep-Nov 2005;11(5-6):1087-98.


Drinking-water quality in both urban and rural areas of Pakistan is not being managed properly. Results of various investigations provide evidence that most of the drinking-water supplies are faecally contaminated. At places groundwater quality is deteriorating due to the naturally occurring subsoil contaminants or to anthropogenic activities. The poor bacteriological quality of drinking-water has frequently resulted in high incidence of waterborne diseases while subsoil contaminants have caused other ailments to consumers. This paper presents a detailed review of drinking-water quality in the country and the consequent health impacts. It identifies various factors contributing to poor water quality and proposes key actions required to ensure safe drinking-water supplies to consumers.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Communicable Disease Control
  • Environmental Monitoring
  • Epidemiological Monitoring
  • Fresh Water / analysis
  • Guidelines as Topic
  • Health Services Needs and Demand
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Pakistan / epidemiology
  • Public Health
  • Rural Health
  • Safety Management
  • Urban Health
  • Waste Management
  • Water Microbiology / standards*
  • Water Pollution / analysis
  • Water Pollution / prevention & control*
  • Water Pollution / statistics & numerical data
  • Water Purification / methods*
  • Water Supply / analysis
  • Water Supply / standards*