Analyzing ligand and small molecule binding activity of solubilized GPCRs using biosensor technology

Anal Biochem. 2006 Aug 1;355(1):132-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ab.2006.04.021. Epub 2006 May 15.


We used Biacore technology to measure directly the binding of natural ligands and small molecules to the chemokine receptors CXCR4 and CCR5. Both G protein-coupled receptors were solubilized from whole cell pellets and captured on antibody surfaces for analysis. Our solubilization conditions maintained high-affinity binding of chemokines SDF-1alpha and RANTES to CXCR4 and CCR5, respectively. Surface density- and buffer-dependent binding responses, along with binding data for a selective ligand (RCP-168), further validated the biosensor assay. In addition, we showed that it is possible to collect high-quality binding responses for the archetypal small molecule inhibitors JM-2987 and TAK-779. Finally, using our biosensor-based method, we characterized the kinetics of 19 novel small molecule inhibitors of CCR5 and showed that their affinities correlated with values determined for the membrane-associated receptor. Together, the chemokine and small molecule binding data provide evidence that the solubilized receptors maintain native binding properties. These solubilized receptor preparations could be useful reagents for biophysical studies as well as for structural analysis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Chemokine CCL5 / metabolism
  • Chemokines / chemistry
  • Chemokines / metabolism
  • Iodine Radioisotopes
  • Ligands*
  • Protein Binding
  • Radioligand Assay
  • Receptors, CCR5 / chemistry
  • Receptors, CCR5 / metabolism
  • Receptors, CXCR4 / chemistry
  • Receptors, CXCR4 / metabolism
  • Receptors, Chemokine / chemistry
  • Receptors, Chemokine / metabolism
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled / chemistry
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled / metabolism*
  • Solubility
  • Surface Plasmon Resonance / instrumentation
  • Surface Plasmon Resonance / methods*


  • Chemokine CCL5
  • Chemokines
  • Iodine Radioisotopes
  • Ligands
  • Receptors, CCR5
  • Receptors, CXCR4
  • Receptors, Chemokine
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled