Exertional changes in circulating cardiac natriuretic peptides in patients with suggested coronary artery disease

J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2006 Jun;19(6):772-6. doi: 10.1016/j.echo.2006.01.010.


Background: We measured plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and N-terminal atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) levels before and after exercise stress testing and correlated results with echocardiographic evidence of ischemia.

Methods: Sixty patients with left ventricular ejection fraction greater than 50% referred for clinically indicated exercise echocardiogram were studied. Peptides were measured at rest and 5 minutes after symptom-limited exercise.

Results: Echocardiography was positive for ischemia in 19 (32%). With exercise, ANP level increased in all 60 patients (median at rest 2501 [799-6440]-3167 [977-8563] pg/mL after exercise [P < .0001]). BNP increased in 54 patients (90%) (19 [<3.9-213]-30 [<3.9-318] pg/mL [P < .0001]). In multivariable analysis, both exercise BNP level and exertional change in BNP were closely associated with rest BNP (P < .0001); both were also significantly associated with change in wall-motion score index and workload (P = .001 and P = .01, respectively). Exercise ANP was strongly related to rest level (P < .0001); change in ANP was related to workload (P < .0001).

Conclusion: In patients with suggested coronary artery disease, exertional levels of BNP are influenced not only by development of stress-induced ischemia, but also by resting levels.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Biomarkers / blood
  • Coronary Artery Disease / blood*
  • Coronary Artery Disease / complications
  • Coronary Artery Disease / diagnostic imaging*
  • Exercise Test*
  • Female
  • Heart Atria / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Natriuretic Peptide, Brain / blood*
  • Physical Exertion
  • Ultrasonography
  • Ventricular Dysfunction, Left / blood*
  • Ventricular Dysfunction, Left / diagnostic imaging*
  • Ventricular Dysfunction, Left / etiology


  • Biomarkers
  • Natriuretic Peptide, Brain