Background: We measured plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and N-terminal atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) levels before and after exercise stress testing and correlated results with echocardiographic evidence of ischemia.
Methods: Sixty patients with left ventricular ejection fraction greater than 50% referred for clinically indicated exercise echocardiogram were studied. Peptides were measured at rest and 5 minutes after symptom-limited exercise.
Results: Echocardiography was positive for ischemia in 19 (32%). With exercise, ANP level increased in all 60 patients (median at rest 2501 [799-6440]-3167 [977-8563] pg/mL after exercise [P < .0001]). BNP increased in 54 patients (90%) (19 [<3.9-213]-30 [<3.9-318] pg/mL [P < .0001]). In multivariable analysis, both exercise BNP level and exertional change in BNP were closely associated with rest BNP (P < .0001); both were also significantly associated with change in wall-motion score index and workload (P = .001 and P = .01, respectively). Exercise ANP was strongly related to rest level (P < .0001); change in ANP was related to workload (P < .0001).
Conclusion: In patients with suggested coronary artery disease, exertional levels of BNP are influenced not only by development of stress-induced ischemia, but also by resting levels.