In this study locomotor and gaze dysfunction commonly observed in astronauts following spaceflight were modeled using two Galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) paradigms: (1) pseudorandom, and (2) head-coupled (proportional to the summed vertical linear acceleration and yaw angular velocity obtained from a head-mounted Inertial Measurement Unit). Locomotor and gaze function during GVS were assessed by tests previously used to evaluate post-flight astronaut performance; dynamic visual acuity (DVA) during treadmill locomotion at 80 m/min, and navigation of an obstacle course. During treadmill locomotion with pseudorandom GVS there was a 12% decrease in coherence between head pitch and vertical translation at the step frequency relative to the no GVS condition, which was not significantly different to the 15% decrease in coherence observed in astronauts following shuttle missions. This disruption in head stabilization likely resulted in a decrease in DVA equivalent to the reduction in acuity observed in astronauts 6 days after return from extended missions aboard the International Space Station (ISS). There were significant increases in time-to-completion of the obstacle course during both pseudorandom (21%) and head-coupled (14%) GVS, equivalent to an ISS astronaut 5 days post-landing. An attempt to suppress head movement was evident during both pseudorandom and head-coupled GVS while negotiating the obstacle course, with a 20 and 16%, decrease in head pitch and yaw velocity, respectively. The results of this study demonstrate that pseudorandom GVS generates many of the salient features of post-flight locomotor dysfunction observed in astronauts following short and long duration missions. An ambulatory GVS system may prove a useful adjunct to the current pre-flight astronaut training regimen.