Magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound surgery using an enhanced sonication technique in a pig muscle model

Eur J Radiol. 2006 Aug;59(2):190-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ejrad.2006.04.018. Epub 2006 Jun 9.


The purpose of this study: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of an enhanced magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS) emission protocol that results in more extensive treatment by increasing the volume of each focal ablation using the same energy.

Materials and methods: Six pigs were treated with an MRgFUS system combined with real-time MR, for imaging and temperature mapping, with 102 "enhanced" and 97 "regular" focal ablations performed on both buttock muscles. Real-time imaging, temperature mapping, and acoustic reflected spectrum data enabled immediate evaluation of the results. MR contrast-enhanced images and pathology examinations were used for confirmation.

Results: The location of the ablated volume by "enhanced" sonication is predictable, with a maximum possible shift of 6 mm toward, and 3 mm away, from the transducer. The ablated volume after enhanced sonication was, on average, 1.8 times larger than after a regular sonication of the same energy. Pathology results showed the same thermally induced damage patterns in the enhanced sonications and the regular sonications.

Conclusion: Accelerated MRgFUS with enhanced sonication is a safe, controllable, and more effective tissue ablative modality than standard sonication. This new technology may significantly reduce the length of tumor ablation procedures. (Isn't the new technology you're talking about MRgFUS? If so, you don't need to repeat it at the end of this sentence.).

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging*
  • Models, Animal
  • Muscle, Skeletal / pathology
  • Muscle, Skeletal / surgery*
  • Sonication*
  • Surgery, Computer-Assisted / methods*
  • Swine
  • Ultrasonic Therapy / instrumentation
  • Ultrasonic Therapy / methods*