Serial Alu sequence transposition interrupting a human B creatine kinase pseudogene

Genomics. 1991 Jun;10(2):390-9. doi: 10.1016/0888-7543(91)90324-8.


We have isolated, sequenced, and characterized a single-copy B creatine kinase pseudogene. The chromosomal assignment of this gene is 16p13 and a unique sequence probe from this locus detects EcoRI restriction fragment length polymorphisms of 7.8 and 5.4 kb. In 26 unrelated individuals, the frequencies for the 7.8- and 5.4-kb B creatine kinase pseudogene alleles were calculated to be 17.3 and 82.7%, respectively. The B creatine kinase pseudogene is interrupted by a 904-bp DNA insertion composed of three Alu repeat sequences in tandem flanked by an 18-bp direct repeat, derived from the pseudogene sequence. Nucleotide sequence analysis of the Alu elements suggests that the Alu sequences were incorporated into this locus in three separate integration events. Several complex clustered Alu repeat sequences without defined integration borders have been previously identified at different genomic loci. This is the first evidence that complex tandem Alu elements can integrate in an apparently serial manner in the human genome and supports the contention that Alu repeats integrate nonrandomly into the human genome.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 16
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Creatine Kinase / genetics*
  • Creatine Kinase / metabolism
  • DNA
  • Deoxyribonuclease EcoRI / metabolism
  • Exons
  • Homozygote
  • Humans
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Multigene Family
  • Polymorphism, Genetic
  • Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length
  • Pseudogenes*
  • Recombination, Genetic*
  • Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid*
  • Restriction Mapping
  • Species Specificity


  • DNA
  • Creatine Kinase
  • Deoxyribonuclease EcoRI

Associated data

  • GENBANK/M60806
  • GENBANK/M69250
  • GENBANK/M69251
  • GENBANK/M69252
  • GENBANK/M69253
  • GENBANK/M69254
  • GENBANK/M69255
  • GENBANK/M69256
  • GENBANK/M69257
  • GENBANK/M69258