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Case Reports
. 2006 May;19(3):213-6.
doi: 10.1097/01.bsd.0000188664.54014.c4.

Intradural Extramedullary Mature Cystic Teratoma: Not Only a Childhood Disease

Case Reports

Intradural Extramedullary Mature Cystic Teratoma: Not Only a Childhood Disease

Qualls E J Stevens et al. J Spinal Disord Tech. .


Objective: The authors report on the first case of a spinal intradural extramedullary cystic teratoma in an aged patient. These lesions have been reported in adolescents and young adults often with a history of spinal dysraphism. They are believed to be congenital lesions; however, they have also been reported in patients with a history of posterior spinal surgery or lumbar puncture.

Method: An 85-year-old man was evaluated for persistent and progressive lower extremity paresis. His symptoms began after relatively minor trauma. He had no prior lumbar surgeries. Neuroimaging studies revealed an L1-L2 intradural mass. A putative diagnosis of a cystic intradural extramedullary mass was made. A lumbar laminectomy and durotomy were performed.

Results: A cystic lesion containing hair follicles, cartilage, adipose, and neural tissue was encountered. Pathologic review corroborated the diagnosis of cystic teratoma.

Conclusions: The occurrence of cystic teratomas in the absence of previous surgery or lumbar puncture is uncommon. Even rarer are reports of these lesions in aged patients. Of particular interest in this case is the fact that this patient had not undergone any previous lumbar procedures nor did he have a history of spinal dysraphism. Though rare, this entity should be included in the differential of cystic intradural spinal cord lesions.

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