Female genital cutting and reproductive experience in Minya, Egypt

Med Anthropol Q. 2006 Jun;20(2):182-211. doi: 10.1525/maq.2006.20.2.182.


In African populations practicing female genital cutting (FGC), beliefs exist that these procedures enhance reproduction and that their medicalization may diminish adverse effects, yet available findings are mixed in part for methodological reasons. We use data from a representative sample of ever-married women aged 17-55 years in Minya, Egypt, to examine the effects of type of FGC and type of circumciser on a woman's risks of primary infertility and pregnancy loss. Contrary to previous studies in Egypt, neither type of circumcision nor type of circumciser is associated with adverse fertility outcomes among circumcised women in Minya.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Circumcision, Female / adverse effects*
  • Egypt
  • Female
  • Fertility
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Infertility, Female / epidemiology
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Middle Aged
  • Pregnancy
  • Reproductive Medicine*
  • Risk Assessment