Background and aims: Aberrant crypt foci (ACF) are thought to be preneoplastic lesions and are assessed by magnifying chromoscopy with methylene blue staining. The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictive value of rectal ACF recognized by conventional chromoscopy for colonic advanced neoplasms.
Methods: Total colonoscopy, involving rectal chromoscopy using indigo carmine with standard colonoscopies, was performed on 386 patients. Patients who showed no ACF were classified as Grade 0, and those who had 1-4, 5-9, and 10+ ACF were classified as Grades 1, 2, or 3, respectively. The correlation between ACF grading and the prevalence of colonic advanced neoplasm, any adenoma>or=1 cm in size and/or with villous or tubulovillous morphology, and/or with high-grade dysplasia or invasive cancer, was assessed.
Results: Sixty-three patients were classified as ACF Grade 0, 119 as Grade 1, 116 as Grade 2, and 88 as Grade 3. Colonic advanced neoplasm was observed in 4 patients (6.3%) for Grade 0, 43 (36.1%) for Grade 1, 61 (52.6%) for Grade 2, and 57 (64.8%) for Grade 3. As the ACF grade increased, the chance of a patient having a colonic advanced neoplasm increased. For multivariate analyses, compared with patients with Grade 0, those with Grades 1, 2, or 3 had a greater risk of colonic advanced neoplasm (odds ratio [OR] 9.18, 95% CI 3.08-27.33, OR 20.44, 95% CI 6.81-61.42, and OR 32.94, 95% CI 10.49-103.41, respectively).
Conclusions: Chromoscopic assessment of rectal ACF by conventional techniques is useful for predicting colonic advanced neoplasms.