Advancing Proteomics With ion/ion Chemistry

Biotechniques. 2006 Jun;40(6):783-9. doi: 10.2144/000112194.

Abstract

Mass spectrometers, instruments that use electric and/or magnetic fields to measure a gas-phase ion's mass-to-charge ratio (m/z), are used in a wide variety of applications--with the field having a reputation for providing good sensitivity and high-informing power. Protein analysis (proteomics) is a relatively recent affair for the field and was enabled in the late 1980s with the advent of biomolecule ionization methods such as electrospray ionization (ESI) and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI). Today, the area of protein analysis garners considerable attention from many in the mass spectrometry (MS) field; given the myriad of possible protein forms and their broad dynamic range (abundance) in the cell, the analytical challenge is paramount. Here we discuss a developing technology--ion/ion chemical reactions--that promises to transform how we think about and conduct protein sequence analysis via MS.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Proteomics*
  • Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization
  • Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization