Cell-cycle regulatory proteins in the podocyte in collapsing glomerulopathy in children

Kidney Int. 2006 Aug;70(3):529-35. doi: 10.1038/sj.ki.5001577. Epub 2006 Jun 14.


Podocyte is a terminally committed cell in G1 arrest of cell cycle, and is unable to overcome G1/S transition phase in children with minimal change disease (MCD) and classic focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS), in contrast to dysregulated proliferative phenotype of idiopathic collapsing glomerulopathy (CGN) in adults. Forty-two kidney biopsies, MCD (14), FSGS (12), CGN (4), and normal (CON) (12), were evaluated by immunohistochemistry using dual staining for expression of p27, p21, and p57, and cyclins D and A, in podocytes of children with CGN. On light microscopy, all podocytes expressed p27, whereas p21 and p57 expression was seen in a portion of podocytes in normal kidney biopsies. Cyclin D was expressed in a small percentage of podocytes. Cyclin A expression was absent in normal biopsies. The staining for p27 decreased significantly, in order, from normal (100%) to MCD (45.8%) to CGN (24.2%) to FSGS (16.6%). p21 staining was significantly decreased from normal (69.8%) to CGN (15.5%) to MCD (2.2%) to FSGS (0.6%), and the difference between CGN and MCD and FSGS was also significant. There was no significant difference in staining of p57. Cyclin D staining was significantly increased in CGN (26.8%) compared to normal (7.2%), MCD (1.6%), and FSGS (0.0%), and the difference between CGN and MCD and FSGS was also significant. De novo cyclin A staining was only observed in children with CGN. Thus, p27 and p21 but not p57 was decreased in CGN, as in FSGS when compared to normal. Both cyclins D and A staining were increased in CGN. The staining pattern in CGN would suggest that podocyte is able to overcome G1/S transition phase, and has a proliferative phenotype. We propose, based on the significant contrast observed in podocytes injury response between CGN (proliferative) and classic FSGS (non-proliferative), that CGN not be considered as a morphological variant of FSGS.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Biopsy
  • Cell Cycle Proteins / metabolism*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cyclin A / metabolism
  • Cyclin D
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21 / metabolism
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p27 / metabolism
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p57 / metabolism
  • Cyclins / metabolism
  • Female
  • G1 Phase
  • Glomerulosclerosis, Focal Segmental / metabolism*
  • Glomerulosclerosis, Focal Segmental / pathology*
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Male
  • Nephrosis, Lipoid / metabolism
  • Nephrosis, Lipoid / pathology
  • Podocytes / metabolism*
  • Podocytes / pathology*
  • S Phase


  • CDKN1C protein, human
  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Cyclin A
  • Cyclin D
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p57
  • Cyclins
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p27