Opposing effects of dopamine D2 receptor stimulation on the spontaneous and the electrically evoked release of [3H]GABA on rat prefrontal cortex slices

Neuroscience. 1991;42(1):61-71. doi: 10.1016/0306-4522(91)90150-m.


The spontaneous and the electrically evoked release of [3H]GABA were studied in vitro on slices of rat medial prefrontal cortex. The slices were preincubated with [3H]GABA and then superfused with a Krebs' solution. The superfusion with a Ca(2+)-free medium progressively increased the spontaneous [3H]GABA release and strongly decreased the electrically evoked release of [3H]GABA (-65%). The effects of three dopaminergic D2 receptor agonists (RU24926, lisuride and LY171555) were studied on both the spontaneous and the electrically evoked [3H]GABA release. The spontaneous release of [3H]GABA was increased by exposure to each of these three D2 agonists. RU24926 produced a dose-dependent increase from 10(-9) to 3 x 10(-8) M and the maximal effect was totally abolished by the dopaminergic D2 receptor antagonist sulpiride (10(-5) M). With lisuride a progressive increase of [3H]GABA release was observed and a plateau value was reached with concentrations between 10(-7) and 10(-6) M. These effects were totally reversed by 10(-5) M sulpiride. The dose-response relation for LY171555 was bell-shaped, with a maximal effect being obtained with 10(-9) M) LY171555. This effect decreased with a higher concentration (10(-8) M) and finally was no longer observed for 10(-7) M LY171555. The maximal increase induced by LY171555 was totally abolished by 10(-5) M sulpiride. In contrast, the electrically evoked release of [3H]GABA was inhibited by these three D2 agonists. The IC50 value of the inhibition was 4.1 x 10(-8) M for RU24926 and 2 x 10(-7) M for lisuride. Sulpiride (10(-5) M) totally abolished the effect of 10(-7) M RU24926. In the concentration range of lisuride examined, a 50% reduction of the lisuride inhibition was obtained in the presence of sulpiride (10(-5) M). The dose-response curve obtained with LY171555 had a U-shape, with a maximal inhibition reached with 10(-8) M, whereas no effect was observed with 10(-6) M. The inhibition induced by 10(-8) M LY171555 was completely antagonized by 10(-5) M sulpiride. The D2 agonist-induced inhibition of the electrically evoked release of [3H]GABA was mimicked by dopamine endogenously released by 10(-5) M amphetamine. This effect was reversed by 10(-5) M sulpiride. Our data provide further evidence for a dopaminergic control of GABA interneurons in the prefrontal cortex. This regulation implies the activation of D2 dopaminergic receptors. The possible mechanisms underlying the opposite effects of D2 agonists on the spontaneous and the electrically evoked release of [3H]GABA are discussed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amphetamine / pharmacology
  • Animals
  • Calcium / physiology
  • Cerebral Cortex / metabolism*
  • Cerebral Cortex / physiology
  • Dopamine Agents / pharmacology
  • Electric Stimulation
  • Ergolines / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Ergolines / pharmacology
  • Frontal Lobe / metabolism*
  • Frontal Lobe / physiology
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Interneurons / drug effects
  • Interneurons / metabolism
  • Lisuride / pharmacology
  • Male
  • Phenethylamines / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Phenethylamines / pharmacology
  • Quinpirole
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Receptors, Dopamine / physiology*
  • Receptors, Dopamine D2
  • Sulpiride / pharmacology
  • gamma-Aminobutyric Acid / metabolism*


  • Dopamine Agents
  • Ergolines
  • Phenethylamines
  • Receptors, Dopamine
  • Receptors, Dopamine D2
  • Quinpirole
  • gamma-Aminobutyric Acid
  • RU 24926
  • Sulpiride
  • Amphetamine
  • Lisuride
  • Calcium