The influence of in-season injury prevention training on lower-extremity kinematics during landing in female soccer players

Clin J Sport Med. 2006 May;16(3):223-7. doi: 10.1097/00042752-200605000-00006.


Objective: To examine the influence of in-season injury prevention training on hip and knee kinematics during a landing task.

Design: Longitudinal pre-post intervention study.

Setting: Testing sessions were conducted in a biomechanics research laboratory.

Participants: Eighteen female soccer players between the ages of 14 and 17 participated in this study. All subjects were healthy with no current complaints of lower extremity injury.

Interventions: Testing sessions were conducted prior to and following a season of soccer practice combined with injury prevention training.

Main outcome measurements: During each testing session three-dimensional kinematics were collected while each subject performed a drop landing task. Peak hip and knee joint angles were measured during the early deceleration phase of landing and compared between pre- and post-training using paired t-tests.

Results: Following a season of soccer practice combined with injury prevention training, females demonstrated significantly less hip internal rotation (7.1 degrees vs. 1.9 degrees; P = 0.01) and significantly greater hip abduction (-4.9 degrees vs. -7.7 degrees; P = 0.02). No differences in knee valgus or knee flexion angles were found post-season.

Conclusions: Female soccer players exhibited significant changes in hip kinematics during a landing task following in-season injury prevention training. Our results support the premise that a season of soccer practice combined with injury prevention training is effective in altering lower extremity motions that may play a role in predisposing females to ACL injury.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Athletic Injuries / physiopathology
  • Athletic Injuries / prevention & control*
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Female
  • Hip Injuries / physiopathology
  • Hip Injuries / prevention & control*
  • Hip Joint / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Knee Injuries / physiopathology
  • Knee Injuries / prevention & control*
  • Knee Joint / physiopathology
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Lower Extremity / physiology
  • Soccer / injuries*