Incentive spirometry versus routine chest physiotherapy for prevention of pulmonary complications after abdominal surgery

Lancet. 1991 Apr 20;337(8747):953-6. doi: 10.1016/0140-6736(91)91580-n.


We entered 876 patients into a clinical trial aimed at preventing pulmonary complications after abdominal surgery. Patients either received conventional chest physiotherapy or were encouraged to perform maximal inspiratory manoeuvres for 5 min during each hour while awake, using an incentive spirometer. The incidence of pulmonary complications did not differ significantly between the groups: incentive spirometry 68 of 431 (15.8%, 95% CI 14.0-17.6%), and chest physiotherapy 68 of 445 (15.3%, CI 13.6-17.0%). Nor was there a difference between the groups in the incidence of positive clinical signs, pyrexia, abnormal chest radiographs, pathogens in sputum, respiratory failure (PO2 less than 60 mm Hg), or length of stay in hospital. We conclude that prophylactic incentive spirometry and chest physiotherapy are of equivalent clinical efficacy in the general management of patients undergoing abdominal surgery.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Abdomen / surgery*
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Breathing Exercises*
  • Evaluation Studies as Topic
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lung Diseases / physiopathology
  • Lung Diseases / prevention & control*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Compliance
  • Postoperative Complications / physiopathology
  • Postoperative Complications / prevention & control*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Pulmonary Atelectasis / physiopathology
  • Pulmonary Atelectasis / prevention & control
  • Respiratory Therapy / methods*
  • Spirometry / instrumentation