Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and substance use risk behaviors among tri-ethnic adolescents of Florida

AIDS Behav. 2007 Mar;11(2):239-51. doi: 10.1007/s10461-006-9132-4.

Abstract

Previous research documents the co-occurrence of substance use and HIV risk behaviors, but most studies examined these behaviors among adults and White adolescents. The diversity of Florida's adolescents presents a unique setting for examining the variations in these risk behaviors. An in-depth analysis of HIV and substance use behaviors among White, African American, and Hispanic adolescents in Florida was conducted. Results suggest that significant ethnic variations exist in lifetime alcohol and illicit drug use and HIV risk. Compared with Hispanics, African Americans were less likely and Whites were more likely to be frequent alcohol and illicit drug users. White and African American adolescents were 1.3 and 1.5 times, respectively, at higher risk of at least one HIV risk behavior compared with their Hispanic counterparts. Future research should seek to identify sources and consequences of such variations in risk behavior and design culturally appropriate prevention programs for adolescents.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adolescent Behavior / ethnology*
  • African Americans
  • Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology
  • Alcohol Drinking / ethnology*
  • Ethnic Groups
  • European Continental Ancestry Group
  • Florida / epidemiology
  • Florida / ethnology
  • HIV Infections / prevention & control*
  • HIV-1
  • Hispanic Americans
  • Humans
  • Illicit Drugs
  • Risk-Taking*
  • Substance-Related Disorders / epidemiology
  • Substance-Related Disorders / ethnology*

Substances

  • Illicit Drugs