Purpose: To evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of endovascular stent-graft repair of infected aortic and arterial aneurysms.
Methods: Eight patients (5 men; mean age 56.6 years, range 30-85) with infected saccular aneurysms in the brachiocephalic artery (n=1), proximal descending thoracic aorta (n=1), infrarenal abdominal aorta (n=3), common iliac artery (n=1), and common femoral artery (n=2) were treated with stent-graft placement and intravenous antibiotic treatment for at least 6 weeks followed by case-specific administration of oral suppressive antibiotics. All patients were considered to be in the high-surgical-risk group.
Results: Exclusion of the infected aneurysm was successful in all patients. However, 2 patients died within 30 days of uncontrolled sepsis, and 1 patient died at 6 months after rupture of a persistently infected aneurysm (37% mortality rate). Over a follow-up that ranged to 8 years, the 5 survivors showed complete resolution of the infected aneurysms; no stent-graft infection was observed during follow-up.
Conclusion: The acceptable technical and clinical success of endovascular aneurysm repair makes this a promising treatment for infected aortic and arterial aneurysms. However, it is crucial that the infection is treated adequately prior to stent-graft placement.