Sonographic and mammographic findings of breast liquid silicone injection

J Clin Ultrasound. Jul-Aug 2006;34(6):273-7. doi: 10.1002/jcu.20235.

Abstract

Purpose: To describe the sonographic and mammographic features of patients whose breasts have been injected with silicone.

Methods: Between July 1997 and August 1999, 14 patients with a history of breast injection of liquid silicone underwent physical, mammographic, and sonographic examination. Mammographic findings were classified as macronodular, micronodular, or mixed striated patterns. Sonographic appearances were classified as macronodular, micronodular, mixed, or snowstorm patterns.

Results: Eighty-six percent of the patients had abnormal physical examination. Well-defined nodules were palpable in 4 patients, 6 patients had diffusely heterogeneous breasts on palpation, and 2 patients had a combination of heterogeneous texture with dominant nodules. Sonographic examination revealed the presence of marked echogenicity (i.e., snowstorm pattern) in all 14 patients; in 11 patients it was associated with macronodules and/or micronodules, whereas in 3 patients only snowstorm appearance was noted. Mammographic patterns were macronodular in 7 patients and mixed macronodular and micronodular in 6 patients.

Conclusions: Both mammography and sonography can help identify free silicone injected directly into the breast.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Breast Diseases / chemically induced*
  • Breast Diseases / diagnostic imaging
  • Foreign-Body Reaction / diagnostic imaging*
  • Humans
  • Injections
  • Mammography
  • Middle Aged
  • Silicones / administration & dosage*
  • Silicones / adverse effects
  • Ultrasonography, Mammary

Substances

  • Silicones