CCI-779 inhibits rhabdomyosarcoma xenograft growth by an antiangiogenic mechanism linked to the targeting of mTOR/Hif-1alpha/VEGF signaling

Neoplasia. 2006 May;8(5):394-401. doi: 10.1593/neo.05820.


Angiogenesis is one of the critical steps in tumor growth and metastasis. The goal of this study was to evaluate whether the antitumor activity of CCI-779 is related to antiangiogenic effects in vivo in tumors of mice bearing human rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) xenografts. We now demonstrate that CCI-779 rapidly inhibits mTOR activity, as indicated by S6 reduction and eukaryotic initiation factor 4E-binding protein 1 (4E-BP1) phosphorylation in two xenograft models of RMS within 24 hours of treatment. Treatment with a single 20-mg/kg dose of CCI-779 suppressed S6 phosphorylation for more than 72 hours and 4E-BP1 phosphorylation for more than 96 hours. Based on these data, an intermittent treatment schedule (every 3 days for 30 days) was chosen and displayed a significant suppression of both tumor growth and mTOR signaling. Western blot analysis and immunohistochemical studies demonstrated that the antitumor activity of CCI-779 was associated with antiangiogenesis, as indicated by impaired levels of hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (Hif-1alpha) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) protein expression and by decreased microvessel density in Rh30 and RD xenografts. Together, these data suggest that CCI-779 inhibits human RMS xenograft growth by an antiangiogenic mechanism associated with the targeting of mTOR/Hif-1alpha/VEGF signaling.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural

MeSH terms

  • Angiogenesis Inhibitors / pharmacology*
  • Animals
  • Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit / metabolism*
  • Mice
  • Mice, SCID
  • Neoplasm Transplantation
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic*
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein Kinases / metabolism*
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma / drug therapy*
  • Signal Transduction
  • Sirolimus / analogs & derivatives*
  • Sirolimus / pharmacology
  • TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Time Factors
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A / metabolism*


  • Angiogenesis Inhibitors
  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • HIF1A protein, human
  • Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
  • temsirolimus
  • Protein Kinases
  • MTOR protein, human
  • TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • mTOR protein, mouse
  • Sirolimus