Retinoblastoma cell lines Y79, RB355 and WERI-Rb27 are genetically related

Ophthalmic Paediatr Genet. 1991 Mar;12(1):49-56. doi: 10.3109/13816819109023085.


Genesis of the childhood ocular tumor retinoblastoma results from the mutational inactivation of a single gene, RB, located on chromosome 13. Cultured cells or cell lines derived from retinoblastomas have been extensively studied for insight into mutational mechanisms of RB inactivation, functional properties of wild-type RB alleles, and pathways of retinal differentiation. Three such cell lines (Y79, RB355 and WERI-Rb27) were previously shown to have similar, heterozygous rearrangements of their RB genes, suggesting a common mutational mechanism affecting a specific region of the gene. This proposal was based on the premise that all three mutations occurred independently. By using molecular analyses of human genetic polymorphisms, we now show that these three cell lines are in fact genetically related, despite their different origins, morphologies, growth characteristics, and karyotypes. Interpretation of these and other published data suggest that both RB355 and WERI-Rb27 are probably sublines of Y79.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Blotting, Southern
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17 / metabolism
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 2 / metabolism
  • DNA Fingerprinting
  • DNA, Neoplasm / analysis
  • Eye Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Eye Neoplasms / pathology
  • Humans
  • Introns / genetics
  • Plasmids / genetics
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Polymorphism, Genetic
  • Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length
  • Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid
  • Retinoblastoma / genetics*
  • Retinoblastoma / pathology
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • DNA, Neoplasm