Kinetic properties of wild-type and altered recombinant amidases by the use of ion-selective electrode assay method

Anal Biochem. 2006 Aug 15;355(2):232-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ab.2006.04.023. Epub 2006 May 5.


A novel assay method was investigated for wild-type and recombinant mutant amidases (EC from Pseudomonas aeruginosa by ammonium ion-selective electrode (ISE). The initial velocity is proportional to the enzyme concentration by using the wild-type enzyme. The specific activities of the purified amidase were found to be 88.2 and 104.2 U mg protein(-1) for the linked assay and ISE methods, respectively. The kinetic constants--Vmax, Km, and Kcat--determined by Michaelis-Menten plot were 101.13 U mg protein(-1), 1.12x10(-2) M, and 64.04 s(-1), respectively, for acrylamide as the substrate. On the other hand, the lower limit of detection and range of linearity of enzyme concentration were found to be 10.8 and 10.8 to 500 ng, respectively, for the linked assay method and 15.0 and 15.0 to 15,000 ng, respectively, for the ISE method. Hydroxylamine was found to act as an uncompetitive activator of hydrolysis reaction catalyzed by amidase given that there is an increase in Vmax and Km when acetamide was used as the substrate. However, the effect of hydroxylamine on the hydrolysis reaction was dependent on the type of amidase and substrate involved in the reaction mixture. The degrees of activation (epsilon(a)) of the wild-type and mutant (T103I and C91A) enzymes were found to be 2.54, 12.63, and 4.33, respectively, for acetamide as the substrate. However, hydroxylamine did not activate the reaction catalyzed by wild-type and altered (C91A and W138G) amidases by using acrylamide and acetamide, respectively, as the substrate. The activating effect of hydroxylamine on the hydrolysis of acetamide, acrylamide, and p-nitrophenylacetamide can be explained by the fact that additional formation of ammonium ions occurred due to the transferase activity of amidases. However, the activating effect of hydroxylamine on the hydrolysis of p-nitroacetanilide may be due to a change in conformation of enzyme molecule. Therefore, the use of ISE permitted the study of the kinetic properties of wild-type and mutant amidases because it was possible to measure initial velocity of the enzyme-catalyzed reaction in real time.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acetamides / analysis
  • Acetamides / chemistry
  • Acrylamide / analysis
  • Acrylamide / chemistry
  • Amidohydrolases / chemistry
  • Amidohydrolases / metabolism*
  • Biological Assay*
  • Catalysis
  • Enzyme Activation
  • Hydrolysis
  • Hydroxylamine / pharmacology
  • Ion-Selective Electrodes*
  • Kinetics
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa / enzymology
  • Quaternary Ammonium Compounds / chemistry*
  • Recombinant Proteins / chemistry
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism*
  • Substrate Specificity


  • Acetamides
  • Quaternary Ammonium Compounds
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Acrylamide
  • Hydroxylamine
  • acetamide
  • Amidohydrolases