Mosquito bite-caused eosinophilic dermatitis in cats

J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1991 Jun 15;198(12):2086-8.


Eight cats had lesions on the nasal bridge, ears, and footpads, with histologic and hematologic features of a recently described seasonal form of eosinophilic granuloma complex. Four cats were examined in detail, and it was established that 2 of the 4 reacted to mosquito extract on intradermal skin testing read at 20 minutes. Neither of the 2 cats tested had deposits of immunoglobulins in lesional or perilesional skin. Lesions on all 4 cats resolved when kept at home behind insect screening, but flared up if the screening was removed. Mosquitoes that were observed to be biting and causing lesions were collected and identified. Other species of laboratory-reared mosquitoes were allowed to bite nonlesional skin of 1 affected cat, causing pruritus, erythematous crusting, and ulcerative lesions at the bite site, which was characterized histologically as eosinophilic dermatitis.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cat Diseases / etiology*
  • Cats
  • Culicidae*
  • Dermatitis / etiology
  • Dermatitis / pathology
  • Dermatitis / veterinary*
  • Eosinophilic Granuloma / etiology
  • Eosinophilic Granuloma / pathology
  • Eosinophilic Granuloma / veterinary*
  • Female
  • Insect Bites and Stings / complications
  • Insect Bites and Stings / veterinary*
  • Intradermal Tests
  • Male
  • Prospective Studies
  • Retrospective Studies