Most flavonoids found in plants exist as glycosides, and glycosylation status has a wide range of effects on flavonoid solubility, stability, and bioavailability. Glycosylation of flavonoids is mediated by Family 1 glycosyltransferases (UGTs), which use UDP-sugars, such as UDP-glucose, as the glycosyl donor. AtGT-2, a UGT from Arabidopsis thaliana, was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli as a gluthatione S-transferase fusion protein. Several compounds, including flavonoids, were tested as potential substrates. HPLC analysis of the reaction products indicated that AtGT-2 transfers a glucose molecule into several different kinds of flavonoids, eriodictyol being the most effective substrate, followed by luteolin, kaempferol, and quercetin. Based on comparison of HPLC retention times with authentic flavonoid 7-O-glucosides and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, the glycosylation position in the reacted flavonoids was determined to be the C-7 hydroxyl group. These results indicate that AtGT-2 encodes a flavonoid 7-O-glucosyltransferase.