Enhancement of image intensity, using the T1-weighted spoiled gradient-echo (SPGR) sequence, was measured in SCC tumor implanted in the flank of C3H mice while they were subjected to several types of oxygenation challenges inside a hyperbaric chamber designed and constructed to fit in an MRI resonator. The central portions of the tumor gave a positive enhancement, while the periphery showed signal reduction during both normobaric (NBO) and hyperbaric (HBO) oxygen challenges. In the contralateral normal leg, nearly 70% of the region showed a decrease in intensity, and the rest showed a positive enhancement. The positive signal enhancement was markedly greater under HBO compared to NBO. Calculated R1, R2, and M0 maps from multivariate fitting of images acquired by a multislice multiecho (MSME) sequence with variable TR before, during, and after HBO treatment confirm that the source of SPGR signal enhancement in the tumor is associated with shortening of T1.