Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
Comparative Study
. 2006 Jun 23;6:23.
doi: 10.1186/1472-6882-6-23.

Effect of Three Different Cultivars of Lepidium Meyenii (Maca) on Learning and Depression in Ovariectomized Mice

Affiliations
Free PMC article
Comparative Study

Effect of Three Different Cultivars of Lepidium Meyenii (Maca) on Learning and Depression in Ovariectomized Mice

Julio Rubio et al. BMC Complement Altern Med. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

Background: Lepidium meyenii Walp. (Brassicaceae), known as Maca, is a Peruvian hypocotyl growing exclusively between 4000 and 4500 m altitude in the central Peruvian Andes, particularly in Junin plateau and is used traditionally to enhance fertility. Maca is a cultivated plant and different cultivars are described according to the color of the hypocotyls.

Methods: The study aimed to elucidate the effect of Yellow, Red and Black Maca on cognitive function and depression in ovariectomized (OVX) mice. In all experiments OVX mice were treated during 21 days and divided in four groups: control group, Yellow Maca, Red Maca and Black Maca. Latent learning was assessed using the water finding task and the antidepressant activity of the three varieties of Maca was evaluated using the forced swimming test. Animals were sacrificed at the end of each treatment and the uterus were excised and weighed.

Results: Black Maca was the variety that showed the best response in the water finding task, particularly in the trained mice. The three varieties were effective to reduce finding latency in non trained and trained mice (P < 0.05). In the force swimming test, all varieties assessed reduced the time of immobility and increased uterine weight in OVX mice.

Conclusion: Black Maca appeared to have more beneficial effects on latent learning in OVX mice; meanwhile, all varieties of Maca showed antidepressant activity.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
Effect of Yellow, Red and Black Maca on entering latency in non-trained (NT) and trained (T) OVX mice using the water finding task. Data are presented as mean ± SEM. aP < 0.05 with respect to non trained control group; bP < 0.05 with respect to trained control group; cP < 0.05 with respect to non trained mice treated with Black Maca; dP < 0.05 with respect to non trained mice treated with Red Maca.
Figure 2
Figure 2
Effect of Yellow, Red and Black Maca on finding latency in non-trained (NT) and trained (T) OVX mice using the water finding task. Data are presented as mean ± SEM. aP < 0.05 with respect to non trained control group; bP < 0.05 with respect to trained control group; cP < 0.05 with respect to non trained mice treated with Black Maca.
Figure 3
Figure 3
Effect of Yellow, Red and Black Maca on drinking latency in non-trained (NT) and trained (T) OVX mice using the water findingtask. Data are presented as mean ± SEM. aP < 0.05 with respect to non trained control group; bP < 0.05 with respect to trained control group; cP < 0.05 with respect to non trained mice treated with Black Maca; dP < 0.05 with respect to non trained mice treated with Red Maca.
Figure 4
Figure 4
Immobility time, in the forced swimming test, inOVX mice treatedwith three different varieties of Lepidium meyenii (Maca). Data are mean ± SEM. *P < 0.05 with respect to control group.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 9 articles

See all "Cited by" articles

References

    1. Cobo B. In: History of the New World. Francisco de Mateos, editor. Ediciones Atlas, Madrid; 1956.
    1. Gonzales GF, Ruiz A, Gonzales C, Villegas L, Cordova A. Effect of Lepidium meyenii (Maca) roots on spermatogenesis of male rats. Asian J Androl. 2001;3:231–233. - PubMed
    1. Gonzales GF, Rubio J, Chung A, Gasco M, Villegas L. Effectof alcoholic extract of Lepidium meyenii (Maca) on testicular function in male rats. Asian J Androl. 2003;5:349–352. - PubMed
    1. Gonzales GF, Gasco M, Córdova A, Chung A, Rubio J, Villegas L. Effect of Lepidium meyenii (Maca) on spermatogenesis in male rats acutely exposed to high altitude (4340 m) J Endocrinol. 2004;180:87–95. doi: 10.1677/joe.0.1800087. - DOI - PubMed
    1. Chung F, Rubio J, Gonzales C, Gasco M, Gonzales GF. Dose-response effects of Lepidium meyenii (Maca) aqueous extract on testicular function and weight of different organs in adult rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 2005;98:143–147. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2005.01.028. - DOI - PubMed

Publication types

Feedback