Behavioral, social, and affective factors associated with self-efficacy for self-management among people with epilepsy

Epilepsy Behav. 2006 Aug;9(1):158-63. doi: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2006.05.001. Epub 2006 Jun 22.


The purpose of the study described in this article was to evaluate the extent to which selected behavioral, social, and affective factors contribute to self-reported epilepsy self-efficacy. Participants completed three assessments 3 months apart, with only those completing both the first and second assessments included in this analysis. Self-efficacy scores at the second assessment were regressed on the behavioral, social, and affective characteristics ascertained at the first assessment. The analysis revealed that self-management, depressive symptoms, and seizure severity explain the most variance in self-efficacy; patient satisfaction and stigma are less important predictors; and social support and regimen-specific support are not significant predictors. The results provide direction for identifying people with low levels of self-efficacy and highlighting areas that might help enhance self-efficacy in persons with epilepsy.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Depression / complications
  • Employment / psychology
  • Epilepsy / psychology
  • Epilepsy / therapy*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Personal Satisfaction
  • Self Care / psychology*
  • Self Efficacy*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires