Myoblast-seeded biodegradable scaffolds to prevent post-myocardial infarction evolution toward heart failure

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2006 Jul;132(1):124-31. doi: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2006.01.052.


Objective(s): Even though the mechanism is not clearly understood, direct intramyocardial cell transplantation has demonstrated potential to treat patients with severe heart failure. We previously reported on the bioengineering of myoblast-based constructs. We investigate here the functional outcome of infarcted hearts treated by implantation of myoblast-seeded scaffolds.

Methods: Adult Lewis rats with echocardiography-confirmed postinfarction reduced ejection fraction (48.3% +/- 1.1%) were randomized to (1) implantation of myoblast-seeded polyurethane patches at the site of infarction (PU-MyoB, n = 11), (2) implantation of nonseeded polyurethane patches (PU, n = 11), (3) sham operation (Sham, n = 12), and (4) direct intramyocardial myoblast injection (MyoB, n = 11). Four weeks later, the functional assessment by echocardiography was repeated, and we additionally performed left ventricular catheterization plus histologic studies.

Results: The ejection fraction significantly decreased in the PU (39.1% +/- 2.3%; P = .02) and Sham (39.9% +/- 3.5%; P = .04) groups, whereas it remained stable in the PU-MyoB (48.4% +/- 3.1%) and MyoB (47.9% +/- 3.0%) groups during the observation time. Similarly, left ventricular contractility was significantly higher in groups PU-MyoB (4960 +/- 266 mm Hg/s) and MyoB (4748 +/- 304 mm Hg/s) than in groups PU (3909 +/- 248 mm Hg/s, P = .01) and Sham (4028 +/- 199 mm Hg/s, P = .01). Immunohistology identified a high density of myoblasts within the seeded scaffolds without any migration toward the host cardiac tissue and no evidence of cardiac cell differentiation.

Conclusions: Myoblast-seeded polyurethane scaffolds prevent post-myocardial infarction progression toward heart failure as efficiently as direct intramyocardial injection. The immunohistologic analysis suggests that an indirect mechanism, potentially a paracrine effect, may be assumed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Animals, Newborn
  • Biodegradation, Environmental
  • Heart Rate
  • Hemodynamics
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Myoblasts, Cardiac*
  • Myocardial Contraction
  • Myocardial Infarction / therapy*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Lew
  • Stroke Volume
  • Tissue Engineering*
  • Ventricular Function